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5 Tips to Fix Your Machine Learning Model that Performs Well on Training Data But Not on Real Data

5 Tips to Fix Your Machine Learning Model that Performs Well on Training Data But Not on Real Data

Why Your Model Fails on Real Data: The Troubleshooting Guide You Need

Table of Contents

Are you struggling with a model that performs well on training data but not on real data? It's a common problem faced by many data scientists and machine learning engineers. But don't worry, there are ways to diagnose and fix the issue.


Firstly, check for overfitting. Overfitting happens when the model learns the training data too well and is unable to generalize to new data. To check for it, look at the model's performance on a holdout set. If it's significantly worse than on the training set, your model may be overfitting. To fix it, you can try regularization techniques or reduce the complexity of the model.

Data leakage

Secondly, check for data leakage. Data leakage happens when the model is trained on data that includes information about the test data. To check for it, make sure that the data used to train the model doesn't include any information about the test data. You can also try to shuffle the data to remove any potential leakage.

Model selection bias

Thirdly, check for model selection bias. Model selection bias can lead to the model being overfit to the training data and not generalizing well to new data. To avoid it, use a cross-validation technique to select the model. This will ensure that the model is evaluated on multiple subsets of the data and is less likely to overfit to one specific subset.

Model complexity

Fourthly, check for model complexity. A model that is too complex might overfit the training data, while a model that is too simple might not capture the complexity of the relationships in the data. Try different models and evaluate their performance on both training and test data. This will help you find the sweet spot between model complexity and performance.

Data quality

Finally, check for data quality. Noisy or incomplete data can make it difficult for the model to learn the correct relationships. Clean the data and remove any errors or inconsistencies. In addition, try to collect more data if possible. More data can help the model learn more accurate relationships between the variables.

In conclusion, 

There are many reasons why a model might perform well on training data but not on real data. By following these tips, you can diagnose the issue and fix it. Remember to always evaluate the model on both training and test data to ensure that it is generalizing well. With these best practices, you'll be well on your way to building robust and reliable machine learning models. 

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